Thursday, March 28, 2019
Body Art :: Social Issues, Tattooing
The number of masses getting tattoos seems to be on the rise. According to the most recent Harris Poll, conducted in the summer of 2007, or so 40% of Americans ages 25-40 have at least one tattoo, as pard to 3% 20 years ago (Hawkes, Senn, & Thorn, 2004). The increased popularity of the tattoo is apparent if you compare those findings to the 1936 Life magazine estimate that 10 million Americans, or roughly 6% of the population, had a tattoo (Swan, 2011). According to Kang and Jones (2007), tattooing is especially popular among teenagers and college students. At a stage when young people are seeking to support their independence, tattoos may provide a way to ground a sniff out of self in a seemingly changing and insecure world. Tattooing has a long history it was thought that tattooing was primary an ancient Egyptian habituate dating from circa 2000 B.C. (Nadler, 1983). It was brought to the New World in 1769 by sailors returning from voyagers to the in the south Pacific (Post , 1968 Sanders, 1991). The practice of tattooing became more widespread and socially acceptable in the Western world after that time (Sanders, 1991). In ancient quantify tattooing was a projection of Jungian psychological elements, which was used be project onto holy symbols, onto the self as a manifestations of self-expression coinciding with a extraction in traditional religious adherence (Mercury, 2000). Piercing has almost as long of a history as tattooing. It was practiced by Egyptian pharaohs, Mayans, and Romans (Armstrong, 1996). Body piercing is sometimes studied along with tattooing, partly because people with tattoos often have piercings (Buhrich, 1983 Frederick & Bradley, 2000). For women, ear piercing has come to be viewed as a mainstream practice but piercing eyebrows, curve, cheeks, or other areas appears to stand for ones disaffection from society, much like tattooing (Sanders, 1988). Regarding piercings, 69.7% of women compared to 28.2% of men describe having pi ercings (Huxley & Grogan, 2005). The gender difference was significant. A way of being mischievous for a woman or going over the edge or maturation a internal identity is to have a piercing navel, nipple, and nose (Saunders & Armstrong, 2005). The piercing can also draw assistance to areas that the woman wants attention drawn to. Risqu-piercing may enhance the desire to use piercing for sexual attention. It may be that women may become pierced more for reasons of sedition and men may become pierced more for reasons of self-identity (Caliendo, Armstrong, & Roberts, 2005).